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您現在的位置:方舟生存进化手游怎么联机>備考資料>高升專試題>2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解二

2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解二

時間:2016年09月02日 廣州成考網,專注方舟生存进化手游怎么联机

導讀:2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解二。以下是廣州成考網小編為大家搜集的2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解二,希望對大家學習英語科有所幫助。

  2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解:不定式

  1、中文:為了準時,我們加快了步伐。

  (誤)So as to be in time we hurried.

  (正)In order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)

  2、中文:你說這些話真傻。

  (誤)It's very foolish for you to say so.

  (正)It's very foolish of you to say so.(表示評價的形容詞被帶邏輯主語的不定式修飾時,介詞要用of.)

  3、中文:你沒有告訴他們永遠不要做那件事嗎?

  (誤)Didn't you ask them to never do that?

  (正)Didn't you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)

  4、中文:你沒有告訴他們永遠不要做那件事嗎?

  (誤)Here is a new book for you to read it.

  (正)Here is a new book for you to read.(作形容詞用法的帶邏輯主語的不定式for you to read的賓語,實際上就是它所修飾的new book,其后不可再加賓語。)

  5、中文:他夠年齡,可以上學了。

  (誤)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

  (正)He is old enough to go to school.(形容詞+enough+不定式表示足夠…而可。)

  6、中文:他太好了,寄給我許多書。

  (誤)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

  (正)He was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so……as to表示如此…以致。)

  7、中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

  (誤)You had better not to go out in the rain.

  (正)You had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)

  8、中文:你喜歡聽別人談話嗎?

  (誤)Do you like listening to others to talk?

  (正)Do you like listening to others talk?(感官動詞或使役動詞的賓語補語用原形不定式。)

  2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解:助動詞

  1、中文:我習慣于早起。

  (誤)I am used to get up early.

  (正)I am used to getting up early.(get,become或be used to中的to是介詞,后接動名詞。)

  2、中文:他過去常常在星期天來約我。

  (誤)He used to calling on me on Sundays.

  (正)He used to call on me on Sundays.(used to+原形動詞,表示過去常常。)

  3、中文:A:我必須去嗎?B:不,你不必了。

  (誤)A: Must I go? B: No,you mustn't.

  (正)A: Must I go? B: No,you needn't.(mustn't表示不許,needn't表示不必,以MUST開始的一般疑問句,否定回答用needn't.)

  4、中文:我今天下午想和你一起去游泳。

  (誤)I will like to go swimming with you this afternoon.

  (正)I would like to go swimming with you this afternoon.(would like是習慣搭配,后接不定式,表示愿意做某事。)

  5、中文:他前天可能說這些嗎?

  (誤)Must he have said so the day before yesterday?(MUST用于推測時表示一定,準是,只用于肯定句。)

  (正)Can he have said so the day before yesterday?(CAN用于懷疑,推測時表示可能,用于疑問句和否定句。)

  2016年成人高考高起點英語誤用講解:虛擬語氣

  1、中文:我要是你,我不會那么做。

  (誤)I shouldn't do that if I was you.

  (正)I shouldn't do that if I were you.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣不能用was,只能用were.)

  2、中文:要是我父親現在在這里,他會告訴我該做什么。

  (誤)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.

  (正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的助動詞只能用would,might等過去時。)

  3、中文:要是我知道她的電話號碼,我就會給她打電話了。

  (誤)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.

  (正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時。)

  4、中文:要是昨天沒下雨她也許會來。

  (誤)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.

  (正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,主句的動詞要用助動詞的過去時might,could等+HAVE+過去分詞。)

  5、中文:我不認為我會失敗,但要是我失敗了,我會再努力。

  (誤)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.

  (正)I don't think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示與將來事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞用should加原形動詞。)

  6、中文:他要是帶了錢就會買它。

  (誤)Did he bring some money with him,he would have bought it.

  (正)Had he brought some money with him,he would have bought it.(表示與過去事實相反的虛擬語氣中,條件從句的動詞要用過去完成時,若省略if,則用倒裝形式。)

  7、中文:她要是個男人可能會當選總統。

  (誤)Be she a man,she might be elected president.

  (正)Were she a man,she might be elected president.(表示與現在事實相反的虛擬語氣,不能用was,只能用were;若省略if,則將were放在句首。)

  8、中文:我提議提高教師的薪資。

  (誤)I suggested that the teachers' wages could be increased.

  (正)I suggested that the teachers' wages should be increased.(suggest當建議講時,后面的名詞從句的主要動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

  9、中文:他這么做是重要的。

  (誤)It is important that he will do it.

  (正)It is important that he do it.(It is important+that引導的名詞從句的動詞要用should加原形動詞,should可以省略。)

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